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The General Overview of Anchor Systems for Ships  

2013-11-21 11:03:12|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
written by: Willie Scott ? edited by: Swagatam ? updated: 6/13/2011

A ships anchor is used to prevent the ship from drifting from its location due to wind and tidal currents, larger ships having two bow and one stern anchor. There are numerous types of ships anchors and the heavy ones are normally produced through casting or drop-forged from carbon steel.




  • Operation of Anchors Using a Capstan or Windlass


    Oil tanker Bow showing hawsepipes from www.blueoceantackleShips bow showing hawsepipes, with stdb anchor home; the port one being raised;

    Anchor chains are connected to a windlass that can either be of vertical or horizontal design. A vertical windlass is known as a capstan, and we shall describe the operation of the anchor and its components using a capstan.

    The capstan has a drive wheel called a gypsy that is notched to suit the forged steel chain links.

    The chain is fed from the capstan along the deck of the fo’c’sle head through a pawl and down through a hawsepipe pipe in the deck exiting at the ships bow. From here the chain drops downwards and is connected to the anchor using a shackle whose hardened steel pin passes through a hole drilled in the anchor central shank.

    The anchor chain is stored in the chain locker; where its end is secured to a ring bolt welded to the chain locker bulkhead. This is known as the anchor chain’s “bitter end”.

    • Whilst I was serving my time in Harland & Wolff of Belfast, I was working in the windlass room on a ship at the outfitting berth. I was being shown how to line-up the gearbox coupling on a capstan electric motor drive. One of the steel fabricators and a welder came in carrying a large steel ring and proceeded to weld this to the aft bulkhead. Curious as ever, I asked the men what it was for and, after a few ribald comments was told this was to secure the anchor chain and was known as the bitter end! Now, as a boy in the shipyard I was subjected to much ribbing being told some tall stories. So after the men had gone I asked my gaffer and he confirmed this was what it was called. He went on to tell me that the ring was a “bitt” and when the anchor chain was fully fed out it had reached its “bitter end” - the end of the chain.

      Any I diverge; as I was saying, the vertical windlass or to give it its correct name the capstan, is fitted to the deck of the fo’c’sle head being driven from underneath by an electric motor and gearbox located in the windlass room.

      A horizontal drum windlass or a combination of widlass/winch can also be used to operate the anchor chain; these are located on the fo’c’sle head and normally driven from a central motor.

      Both windlasses and capstans have a safety device known as a devil’s claw. This is attached to a wire strop; the other end of the strop is secured to the base of the windlass/capstan, there being a bottle screw in the middle of the strop. When the anchor is home (has been raised against the hawsepipe) the claw is inserted into an anchor link and the strop tightened up using the bottle screw. This prevents any inadvertent or, accidental lowering of the anchor should the brake fail.

      When I was at sea sailing as an Engineering Officer on large oil tankers most of VLCC’s had port and starboard capstans or windlasses driven by hydraulic motors; I seem to recollect steam driven ones as well, but I may be getting mixed up with winches on deck as this was over 45 years ago.

      A sketch of a typical anchor operating system using a capstan, along with an image of a windlass and, anchor maintenance from Wiki Commons is shown below; please click on images to enlarge.

      Operation of a capstan





      Windlass for port and stbd anchors from Wiki Commons by Leonard G



      Ships anchor under maintenance by Mate 1st Class Spike Call.



    • Materials and Methods of Fabrication

      Anchors are fabricated from a number of materials; the earliest ones being made from large stone blocks, sacks of sand, wooden logs or from mesh baskets filled with an assortment of stones.

      Once the industrial revolution came along, blast furnaces produced the pig- iron from which cast iron anchors were made. Following the development of carbon steel, this was used to fabricate steel anchors through drop forging.

      The British Navy/Admiralty played a large part in the design of metal anchors eventually designing the anchors with the familiar pointed flutes. The next stage from this was the design of the anchors whose flutes pivoted on a head pin allowing a better grip on the seabed.

      Stainless steel, brass and bronze alloy LWT (Lightweight) anchors are normally used by yachts, pleasure craft, and small fishing boats; the heavy cast iron and forged type being used on deep-sea ships.

      There can be two bow anchors known as bower anchors and a stern anchor, the later doubling up as a means of getting off a sandbank, lee shore, or shallow water rocky prominence.

      Anchors can be described as stock or stockless and a sketch and image of a stockless anchor is shown below; please click on images to enlarge.

      Components of a Stockless Anchor by Willie Scott

      Stockless Anchor from Wiki Commons by Benkid77



    • Anchor Classification

      There are Certification Authorities such as Lloyds, ABS, and DNV who class and certify anchors for use in naval and commercial ships.

      There are two classifications used; HHP (High Holding Power) and SHHP (Super High Holding Power) and these are noted on the relevant certification.

      There are also two basic categories;

      1. Temporary Anchors - used aboard ships.

      2. Permanent Anchors – used as moorings where the vessel such as a lightship or an object such as a buoy is to be permanently sited. As this article is examining ships anchors; we shall leave the examination of permanent types for another day.

      Types of Temporary Anchors

      Stockless

      • Baldt

      This is one of the most common stockless anchors, manufactured by Baldt anchor and chain. It can be be classed as HHP or SHHP having excellent holding power and capable of being housed snug against the hawsepipe when not in use.

      Baldt or navy anchor from blueoceantackle website



      Baldt or Navy type anchor from blueoceantackle web


      BBI-Delta

      High Holding power ensured by large adjustable flukes/shank angle.



      head of a BBI HHP anchor from blueoceantackle website

      Kedge Admiralty

      The sharp flukes provide excellent HHP in many types of ocean bottom terrain

      Kedge Anchor from blueoceantackle Web


      fisherman anchor



      Snug Stowing

      Provides HHP and houses snugly into hawsepipe, does not require bolsters at bow.


      Snug Stowing Anchor from blueoceantackle web

      As a anchor chain supplier and trader, Ijin Marine Limited supply Grade 2(U2),Grade 3(U3) anchor chain in China.We have directly delivered stud anchor chain and studless anchor chain in Dalian COSCO Shipyard,Jiangyin Chengxi Shipyard,etc.They are certified by ABS,LR,NK,DNV,CCS,and so on.Besides anchor chain, Ijin is also able to trade chafe chain, buoy chain,offshore chain used for oil rigging,etc.Ijin can supply and trade accessories such as kenter shackle,joining shackle,anchor swivel shackle,end shackle,swivel,triangle plate,etc.In China, Ijin help supply directly anchor chain on board in anchorage,shipyard,dockyard,port.In other more than 80 countries,Ijin trades anchor chain and accessories made of steel or stainless steel.So never mind where you will need the chain,Ijin can deliver them as you request.Pls send e-mail to sales@ijinmarine.com for more information.

      --
IJIN MARINE LIMITED-China's biggest rope and chain trader.
Agent: In 80+ countries: 
Repair, Fire-fighting, life saving, GMDSS, underwater, etc.
Supplier: Ropes, chains, 
spare parts of Chinese equipment, 
rubber packing, etc
Tel: +86-21-51699732
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Register No: 1626036
Shipserv TradeNet:201579
Certificate/VAT No: 58610100-000-07-11-4


As a worldwide marine service agent, Ijin Marine Limited provides above items and other service in more than 3000 ports of 80 countries as below. Pls contact me if you have any requests.

The list of jobs Ijin attending in the past.

M/V Changhang Xianghai, Turbarao, Brazil, Ship Store Supply

M/V Changhang Bohai, Kandle, India, Motor Rewinding

M/V Changhang An Hai, Amsterdam, Netherlands Or Holland, Store Supply

M/V CF Diamond, Vancouver, Canada, Oil Tank Repair For Life Boat

M/V CF Crystol, Vancouver, Canada, Hatch Cover Repair

M/V LR Lily, Kalimantan, Indonesia, Bearing Replacement For Crane

M/V Sky Jupiter, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Provision And Ship Store Supply

M/V Sky Oceanus, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Provision And Ship Store Supply

M/V Msc Sentosa, Johor Bahru, Malaysia, Provision And Ship Store Supply

M/V Man Hai, Jarkata, Indonesia, Life Raft Supply

M/V Jian Hua, Point Comfert, America, Ship Store Supply

M/V Long Hua, Dong Hae, Korea, Spare Part Delivery

M/V Xin Xiang An, Karaikal, India, Ship Store Supply

M/V Xin Bo Lin 3, Mumbai, India, Ship Store Supply

M/V Hui Tong 56, Belawan, Indonesia, Boiler Repair

M/V Zhe Hai 505, Aukland, New Zealand, Fire Fighting Equipment Inspection

M/V Zhe Hai 505, Vitoria, Brazil, Life Raft Inspection

M/V Zhe Hai 505, Rotterdam, Netherlands, Ship Store Supply

M/V Zhe Hai 505, San Lorenzo, Argentina, Ship Store Supply

M/V Da Xin Hua Li Shun, Ulsan, Korea, Fire Fighting, Life Saving And Gmdss Inspection

M/V Ratna Shalini, Gdansk, Poland, Gas Detector Calibration

M/V Cleantec, Casablanca, Morroco, Ship Store Supply

M/V Chang Hang An Hai, Taichuang, Taiwan, Auxiliary Engine Repair

M/V Chang Hang An Hai, Richard Bay, Australia, Ship Store Supply

M/V Rich Sino, Junk Bay Anchorage Of Hong Kong, Underwater Hulls Inspection, Pre Purchase.

Atlantic Ocean

List of ports and harbours of the Atlantic Ocean

Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Accra, Ghana

A Coru?a, Spain

Port of Albany-Rensselaer, New York, United States

Bahía Blanca, Argentina

Coronel Rosales Partido, Argentina

General Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Banana, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Barranquilla, Colombia

Belém, Brazil

Bergen, Norway

Bod?, Norway

Port of Boston, Massachusetts, United States

Botwood, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Bridgetown, Barbados

Brunswick, Georgia, United States

Buenos Aires, Argentina

Calabar, Nigeria

Cabinda, Angola

Cádiz, Spain

Port Canaveral, Florida, United States

Cape May, New Jersey, United States

Cape Town, South Africa

Port of Casablanca, Morocco

Cayenne, French Guiana, France

Charleston, South Carolina, United States

Colón, Panama

Cork, Ireland

Dakar, Senegal

Douala, Cameroon

Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States

Ferrol, Spain

Freeport, Bahamas

Freetown, Sierra Leone

Fortaleza, Brazil

Galway, Ireland

Georgetown, Guyana

Port of Hafnarfj?r?ur, Iceland

Port of Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

Hamilton, Bermuda

Hampton Roads, Virginia, United States

Harstad, Norway

Huelva, Spain

Jacksonville, Florida, United States

Lagos, Nigeria

Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain

Libreville, Gabon

Lisbon, Portugal

Lomé, Togo

Luanda, Angola

Malabo, Equatorial Guinea

Melford, Nova Scotia, Canada (proposed)

Port of Miami, Florida, United States

Monrovia, Liberia

Montevideo, Uruguay

Nantes, France

Narvik, Norway

Nassau, Bahamas

Port Newark, United States

Port of New York and New Jersey, United States

Paramaribo, Suriname

Pecém, Brazil

Port of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Port Everglades, Florida, United States

Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Portland, Maine, United States

Porto, Portugal

Porto Alegre, Brazil

Quequén, Argentina

Recife, Brazil

Reykjavík, Iceland

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Salvador, Brazil

San Juan, Puerto Rico, United States

Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

Port of Santos near S?o Paulo, Brazil

Port of Savannah, Georgia, United States

St. Augustine, Florida, United States

Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada

Sept-?les, Quebec, Canada

Setúbal, Portugal

Sines, Portugal

Stornoway, Scotland, United Kingdom

Shannon/Foynes, Ireland

St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Tangier, Morocco

Troms?, Norway

Trondheim, Norway

Port of Vigo, Spain

Vitória, Brazil

Walvis Bay, Namibia

Wilmington, Delaware, United States

Wilmington, North Carolina, United States

?lesund, Norway

Paranaguá, Brazil

S?o Francisco do Sul, Brazil

Itajaí, Brazil

Porto Velho, Brazil

Santos, Brazil

Itapoá, Brazil

Adriatic Sea

Ancona, Italy

Port of Bar, Montenegro

Bari, Italy

Budva, Montenegro

Port of Durr?s, Albania

Port of Koper, Slovenia

Port of Pescara, Italy

Port of Plo?e, Croatia

Port of Rijeka, Croatia

Sh?n Gjin, Albania

Port of Split, Croatia

Port of Trieste, Italy

Venice, Italy

Port of Vlor?, Albania

Ravenna, Italy

Monfalcone, Italy

Chioggia, Italy

Porto Marghera, Italy

Aegean Sea

Alexandroupolis, Greece

Bodrum, Turkey

Chalcis, Greece

Chios, Greece

Eleusina, Greece

Heraklion, Crete, Greece

?zmir, Turkey

Kavala, Greece

Ku?adas?, Turkey

Laurium, Greece

Mytilene, Greece

Piraeus, Greece

Rhodes, Greece

Thessaloniki, Greece

Volos, Greece

Azov Sea

Azov, Russia

Berdiansk, Ukraine

Mariupol, Ukraine

Taganrog, Russia

Yeysk, Russia

Baltic Sea

List of Ports of the Baltic Sea.

Bay of Biscay

Avilés, Spain

Bayonne, France

Burela, Spain

Port of Bilbao, Spain

Bordeaux, France

Brest, France

El Musel, Gijón, Spain

Pasaia, Spain

La Rochelle, France

Les Sables-d'Olonne, France

Santander, Spain

Black Sea

Batumi, Georgia

Bilhorod, Ukraine

Burgas, Bulgaria

Illichivsk, Ukraine

Mangalia, Romania

Midia, N?vodari, Romania

Novorossiysk, Russia

Odessa, Ukraine

Poti, Georgia

Port of Constan?a, Romania

Giurgiulesti International Free Port, Moldova

Port of Erdemir, Turkey

Port of Varna, Bulgaria

Samsun, Turkey

Sevastopol, Ukraine

Sukhumi, Georgia

Trabzon, Turkey

Yuzhny, Ukraine

Caribbean Sea

Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, France

Belize City, Belize

Bridgetown, Barbados

Port of Cabo Rojo, Dominican Republic

Cartagena, Colombia

Chetumal, Mexico

Colón, Panama

Fort-de-France, Martinique, France

La Guaira, Venezuela

Guanta, Venezuela

Guantánamo, Cuba

Kingston, Jamaica

Limón, Costa Rica

Maracaibo, Venezuela

Oranjestad, Aruba, Netherlands

Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe, France

Ponce, Puerto Rico, United States

Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Port Caucedo, Dominican Republic

Port Rio Haina, Dominican Republic

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Puerto Barrios, Guatemala

Puerto Cabello, Venezuela

Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic

Puerto Castilla, Honduras

Puerto Cortés, Honduras

Roatán, Honduras

Santiago de Cuba, Cuba

Port of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Santo Tomás de Castilla, Guatemala

Willemstad, Cura?ao, Netherlands

Chesapeake Bay

Baltimore, United States

Norfolk, Virginia, United States

Salisbury, Maryland, United States

English Channel

Caen (Ouistreham), France

Calais, France

Cherbourg, France

Dieppe, France

Port of Dover, United Kingdom

Le Havre, France

Port of London, United Kingdom

Dunkerque(Duinkerken), France

Newhaven, United Kingdom

Ostend, Belgium

St. Peter Port, Guernsey, United Kingdom

Portland Harbour, United Kingdom

Portsmouth, United Kingdom

Plymouth, United Kingdom

Ramsgate, United Kingdom

Saint-Malo, France

Shoreham-by-Sea, United Kingdom

Port of Southampton, United Kingdom

Great Lakes

Port of Montreal, Canada

Buffalo, New York, United States

Burns Harbor / Portage, Indiana, United States

Port of Chicago, Illinois, United States

Cleveland, Ohio, United States

Detroit, Michigan, United States

Duluth, Minnesota, United States

Erie, Pennsylvania, United States

Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States

Port of Montreal, Canada

Nanticoke, Ontario, Canada

Oshawa, Ontario, Canada

Port of Oswego Authority, New York, United States

Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada

Two Harbors, Minnesota, United States

Toledo, Ohio, United States

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, Canada

Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, United States

Irish Sea

Barrow-in-Furness, England

Belfast, Northern Ireland

Cairnryan, Scotland

Cardiff, Wales

Douglas, Isle of Man

Drogheda, Ireland

Dublin, Ireland

Dún Laoghaire, Ireland

Dundalk, Ireland

Ellesmere, England

Fishguard, Wales

Fleetwood, England

Garston, England

Glasgow, Scotland

Heysham, England

Holyhead, Wales

Larne, Northern Ireland

Liverpool, England

Milford Haven, Wales

Mostyn, Wales

Pembroke Dock, Wales

Rosslare Europort, Ireland

Runcorn, England

Stranraer, Scotland

Swansea, Wales

Sea of Marmara

Istanbul, Turkey

?zmit, Turkey

Tekirda?, Turkey

Mediterranean Sea

Adana, Turkey

Alexandria, Egypt

Algeciras, Spain

Al Hoceima, Morocco

Algiers, Algeria

Almería, Spain

Antalya, Turkey

Port of Ashdod, Israel

Barcelona, Spain

Bardia, Libya

Beirut, Lebanon

Benghazi, Libya

Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy

Cartagena, Spain

Ceuta, Spain

Chalcis, Greece

Civitavecchia, Italy

Corinth, Greece

Datca, Turkey

Fethiye, Turkey

Genoa, Italy

Gibraltar (British Overseas Territory)

Gioia Tauro, Italy

Grand Harbour, Malta

Iskenderun, Turkey

Port of Haifa, Israel

Larnaca, Cyprus

Latakia, Syria

Leghorn, Italy

Limassol, Cyprus

Málaga, Spain

Marmaris, Turkey

Marseille, France

Melilla, Spain

Mersa Matruh, Egypt

Mersin, Turkey

Messina, Sicily, Italy

Misrata, Libya

Nador, Morocco

Naples, Italy

Oran, Algeria

Palma de Mallorca, Spain

Palermo, Sicily, Italy

Patras, Greece

Piraeus, Greece

Port Said, Egypt

Sidon, Lebanon

Tangier, Morocco

Tarragona, Spain

Tel Aviv, Israel

Thessaloniki, Greece

Tétouan, Morocco

Tripoli, Lebanon

Tripoli, Libya

Tunis, Tunisia

Valencia, Spain

Gulf of Mexico

Port of Beaumont, Texas, United States

Campeche, Mexico

Ciudad del Carmen, Mexico

Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico

Port Corpus Christi, Texas, United States

Galveston, Texas, United States

Gulfport, Mississippi, United States

Havana, Cuba

Port of Houston, Texas, United States

Intracoastal City, Louisiana, United States

Lake Charles, Louisiana, United States

Louisiana Offshore Oil Port, Louisiana, United States

Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico

Matanzas, Matanzas, Cuba

Port of Mobile, Alabama, United States

Port of New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Panama City, Florida, United States

Pensacola, Florida, United States

Plaquemines Port, Louisiana, United States

Port Fourchon, Louisiana, United States

Progreso, Mexico

Port of Tampa, United States

Tampico, Tamaulipas, Mexico

Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico

North Sea

List of North Sea ports

Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom

Port of Amsterdam, Netherlands

Port of Antwerp, Belgium

Blyth, England, United Kingdom

Bremerhaven, Germany

Bremen, Germany

Port of Bruges-Zeebrugge, Belgium

Cuxhaven, Germany

Delfzijl, Netherlands

Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom

Eemshaven, Netherlands

Emden, Germany

Esbjerg, Denmark

Port of Felixstowe, United Kingdom

Flotta, Scotland, United Kingdom

Port of Ghent, Belgium

Gothenburg, Sweden

Grimsby, United Kingdom

Port of Hamburg, Germany

Harwich International Port, England, United Kingdom

Immingham, England, United Kingdom

Hull, England, United Kingdom

Kristiansand, Norway

Leith, Scotland, United Kingdom

Port of London, England, United Kingdom

Middlesbrough, England, United Kingdom

Newcastle, England, United Kingdom

Oostende, Belgium

Oslo, Norway

Port of Rotterdam, Netherlands & Europoort

Stavanger, Norway

Terneuzen, Netherlands

Sullom Voe, Scotland, United Kingdom

Sunderland, England, United Kingdom

Thamesport, Isle of Grain, England, United Kingdom

Port of Tilbury, England, United Kingdom

Vlissingen, Netherlands

Wilhelmshaven, Germany & JadeWeserPort

?lesund, Norway

?resund

Copenhagen, Denmark

Helsingborg, Sweden

Malm?, Sweden

Ottawa River/Saint Lawrence River

Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Quebec City, Quebec, Canada

Trois-Rivières, Quebec, Canada

Bécancour, Quebec, Canada

Gulf of Paria

Pedernales, Venezuela

Point Lisas, Trinidad and Tobago

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

Scarborough, Trinidad and Tobago - since 1991

Tyrrhenian Sea

Civitavecchia, Italy

Naples, Italy

Livorno, Italy

Arctic Ocean

List of ports and harbours of the Arctic Ocean

Akureyri, Iceland

Arkhangelsk, Russia

Barrow, Alaska, United States

Belomorsk, Russia

Churchill, Manitoba, Canada

Dikson, Russia

Dudinka, Russia

Hammerfest, Norway

Honningsv?g, Norway

Kandalaksha, Russia

Igarka, Russia

Kirkenes, Norway

Murmansk, Russia

Naryan-Mar, Russia

Severomorsk, Russia

Tiksi, Russia

Pevek, Russia

Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, United States

Vard?, Norway

Vitino, Russia

Indian Ocean

List of ports and harbours of the Indian Ocean

Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Cochin, Kerala, India

Colombo, Sri Lanka

Port of Madras, Tamil Nadu, India

Durban, South Africa

Fremantle, Western Australia, Australia

Haldia, West Bengal, India

Jakarta, Indonesia

Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Krishnapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Kandla, Gujarat, India

Port of Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Mundra, Gujarat, India

Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Maputo, Mozambique

Mogadishu, Somalia

Port of Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Paradeep, Odisha, India

Portland, Victoria, Australia

Port Hedland, Western Australia, Australia

Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Port Lincoln, South Australia, Australia

Port Louis, Mauritius

Port Pirie, South Australia, Australia

Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, India

Richards Bay, South Africa

Mombasa, Kenya

Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Port of Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India

Gulf of Aden

Aden, Yemen

Berbera, Somalia

Mukalla, Yemen

Port of Djibouti, Djibouti

Arabian Sea

Gwadar Port, Gwadar, Balochistan, Pakistan

Karachi Port, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Keti Bandar, Sindh, Pakistan

Port Qasim, Sindh, Pakistan

Port of Ormara, Ormara, Balochistan, Pakistan

Port of Pasni, Pasni, Balochistan, Pakistan

Mundra Port, Gujarat, India

New Mangalore port, Karnataka, India

INS Kadamba, Karnataka, India

Cochin Port, Kerala, India

Kandla Port, Gujarat, India

Mormug?o, Goa, India

Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Al Duqm Port & Drydock, Duqm, Al Wusta Region, Oman

Port of Salalah, Salalah, Dhofar Governorate, Oman

Port of Bushehr, Bushehr Province, Iran

Bandar-Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran

Bay of Bengal

Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu, India

Chittagong Port, Chittagong Bangladesh

Ennore, Tamil Nadu, India

Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Machilipatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Mongla Port, Khulna, Bangladesh

Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu, India

Paradeep, Odisha, India

Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India

Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Gangavaram Port, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dhamra, Odisha, India

Gopalpur, Odisha, India

Hooghly River

Haldia, West Bengal, India

Port of Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Strait of Malacca

Johor Port, Malaysia

Port Klang, Malaysia

Northport

West Port

Southpoint

Penang, Malaysia

Port of Singapore, Singapore

Tanjung Langsat Port, Johor, Malaysia

Port of Tanjung Pelepas, Malaysia

Gulf of Martaban

Yangon, Myanmar

Sea of Oman

Port of Chabahar, Iran

Port Sultan Qaboos, Muttrah, Muscat Governorate, Oman

Port of Sohar, Sohar, Dhofar Governorate, Oman

Khawr Fakkan, Sharjah, UAE

Gwadar Port, Balochistan, Pakistan

Chingari Port, Sindh, Pakistan

Persian Gulf

Bandar Abbas, Iran

Bandar Imam Khomeini, Iran

Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Doha, Qatar

Dubai, UAE

Hamriyah Port, Sharjah, UAE

Khafji, Saudi Arabia

Khobar, Saudi Arabia

Shuwaikh port, Kuwait

Jebel Ali, Dubai, UAE

Jubail, Saudi Arabia

Khalifa Bin Salman Port, Hidd, Bahrain

Mina Salman Port, Manama, Bahrain

Ras Tanura, Saudi Arabia

Port Phillip

Geelong, Victoria, Australia

Port of Melbourne, Australia

Red Sea

Aqaba, Jordan

Ain Sokhna, Egypt

Asseb, Eritrea

Djibouti City, Djibouti

Dubai, Saudi Arabia

Port of Eilat, Israel

Farasan (city), Saudi Arabia

Hurghada, Egypt

Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Jizan, Saudi Arabia

Massawa, Eritrea

Port Sudan, Sudan

Rabigh, Saudi Arabia

Suez, Egypt

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia

Pacific Ocean

List of ports and harbours of the Pacific Ocean

Acapulco, Mexico

Auckland, New Zealand

Aurora, Philippines

Buenaventura, Colombia

Cabo San Lucas, Mexico

Cagayan Freeport, Philippines

Caldera, Puntarenas, Costa Rica

Callao, Peru

Corinto, Nicaragua

Port of Davao, Philippines

Port of Ensenada, Mexico

Eureka, California, United States on Humboldt Bay

Fraser Port, British Columbia, Canada

Guayaquil, Ecuador

Port of Hong Kong, People's Republic of China

Honolulu, Hawaii, United States

Iquique, Chile

Port of Kobe, Japan

Legazpi, Philippines

Port of Long Beach, California, United States

Port of Los Angeles, California, United States

Lyttelton, New Zealand

Napier, New Zealand See also: Port of Napier

Mazatlán, Mexico

Panama City, Panama

Port Chalmers, New Zealand

Port Hueneme, California, United States

Puerto Montt, Chile

Port of Napier, New Zealand

Port of Prince Rupert, British Columbia, Canada

Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

San Antonio, Chile

Port of San Diego, California, United States

Surigao, Philippines

Tabaco, Philippines

Tauranga, New Zealand

Timaru, New Zealand

Valparaíso, Chile

Vi?a del Mar, Chile

Wellington, New Zealand

Port of Yokohama, Japan

Sai Gon New Port, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam

Columbia River

Port of Longview, Washington, United States

Port of Portland, Oregon, United States

Drake Passage, Beagle Channel and Strait of Magellan

Puerto Williams, Chile

Punta Arenas, Chile

Ushuaia, Argentina

Sacramento–San Joaquin rivers

Sacramento, California, United States

Gulf of Alaska

Port of Anchorage, Alaska, United States

Juneau, Alaska, United States

Arafura Sea

Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia

Bering Strait

Nome, Alaska, United States

Bohai Sea

Tianjin, People's Republic of China

Dongying, People's Republic of China

Qinhuangdao, People's Republic of China

Jinzhou, People's Republic of China

Yingkou, People's Republic of China

Hangu, People's Republic of China

Gulf of Carpentaria

Weipa, Queensland, Australia

Coral Sea

Bundaberg, Queensland, Australia

Port of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Gladstone, Queensland, Australia

Hay Point, Queensland, Australia

Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

Townsville, Queensland, Australia

East China Sea

Ningbo, People's Republic of China

Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Keelung, Taiwan

Gulf of Thailand

Bangkok, Thailand

Laem Chabang, Thailand

Sihanoukville Autonomous Port, Kingdom of Cambodia

Korea Bay

Dalian, People's Republic of China

Lushun/Lushunkou, People's Republic of China

Namp'o, North Korea

Sinǔiju, North Korea

Yangtze River / Changjiang

Chongqing, People's Republic of China

Port of Shanghai, People's Republic of China

Wuhan, People's Republic of China

Gulf of California

Port of Pichilingue/La Paz, Mexico (UNESCO Whale Sactuary and Bio-Reserve)

Sea of Japan

Port of Busan, South Korea

Rason, North Korea

Hungnam, North Korea

Gangneung, South Korea

Nakhodka, Russia

Vladivostok, Russia

Vostochny, Russia

Wonsan, North Korea

Puget Sound/Strait of Georgia

Port of Vancouver, Canada

Port of Bellingham, Washington, United States

Port of Everett, Washington, United States

Port of Seattle, Washington, United States

Surrey, British Columbia, Canada

Port of Tacoma, Washington, United States

Port of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

San Francisco Bay

Port of Oakland, California, United States

Port of Redwood City, Redwood City, California, United States

Richmond, California, United States

San Francisco, California, United States

Vallejo, California, United States

Stockton, California, United States

Pittsburg, California, United States

South China Sea

Batangas, Philippines

Cam Ranh, Vietnam

Cebu, Philippines

Da Nang, Vietnam

Hai Phong, Vietnam

Iloilo, Philippines

Ka-Ho, Macau (People's Republic of China)

Kemaman Port, Terengganu, Malaysia

Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon port), Vietnam

Port of Kaohsiung, Republic of China (Taiwan)

Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia

Kuantan Port, Pahang, Malaysia

Kuching Port, Sarawak, Malaysia

Miri Port, Sarawak, Malaysia

Rejang Port, Sarawak, Malaysia

Bintulu Port, Sarawak, Malaysia

Kwai Chung, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China

Port of Manila, Philippines

Muara Port, Brunei

Puerto Princesa, Philippines

Port of Shenzhen, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

Subic Bay, Philippines

Tuen Mun, Hong Kong People's Republic of China

Van Phong, Vietnam

Yantian, Shenzhen, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

Zamboanga, Philippini

Pearl River / Zhujiang

Port of Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China

Tasman Sea

Botany Bay (Port Botany), New South Wales, Australia* Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Nelson, New Zealand

Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

New Plymouth, New Zealand

Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), New South Wales, Australia

Port Kembla, New South Wales, Australia

Yellow Sea

Haenam, South Korea

Port of Incheon, South Korea

Qingdao, People's Republic of China

Rizhao, People's Republic of China

Tianjin, People's Republic of China

Weihai, People's Republic of China

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